Ph.D. in Astronomy in the Department of Geophysics and Astronomy at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver,Canada. Completed 1985 with supervisor Prof. Gordon Walker. Thesis title was 'Observation and Interpretation of the X-ray binary Cygnus X-1'.

M.Sc. in Physical Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at Monash University. Completed 1980 with supervisor Prof. R.D. Brown. Thesis title was 'A Beam Spectrometer for Studies of Radioastronomically Interesting Molecular Ions'.

B.Sc.(1st Class Honours) in Physics at the University of Western Australia. Completed 1977 with final year supervisor Associate Prof.R.S. Crisp. Thesis title was 'Construction of a SQUID Magnetometer'.

Scholarships and Fellowships (while student)

Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan Award for study in Canada 1980-1985.

Commonwealth Postgraduate Research Award for study at Monash University 1978-79.

Australian National University Summer Scholarship in 1976-77 (Laser Physics Group)

Lady James Prize for Chemistry at the University of Western Australia in 1974