Michael Long

Michael Long's picture

Research Details

Research Interests
  • Modeling Complex Problems
  • Agent-Based Modeling

Personal Information

Contact Information

Offfice: 76-3131
Phone: (585) 475-5158
Fax: (585) 475-5988
Email: melsch@rit.edu

CFC Center for Imaging Science
Rochester Institute for Technology
54 Lomb Memorial Dr.
Rochester, NY 14623

Personal Web Page

Title and Degrees

B.Ed.   Chemisty/Mathematics (University of Toledo)
PhD   Physical Chemistry/Mathematics (Wayne State University)
NIH Post-Doctoral Fellow   Laser Chemistry (Cornell University)
Other details
Current Projects

Agent Based Modeling of Emergency Response

Natural and human-caused disasters leave both long-term geospatial and human scars. Recent catastrophic events such as the 2008 Sichuan earthquake that killed at least 68,000 people, the 2010 Haiti earthquake that killed over 200,000 people, or the 9–11 terrorist attacks that killed not only building occupants but also emergency response personnel, have left their historical mark.  Although geospatial images of each of these events prior to and immediately after the event can provide physical details, ultimate scenario outcome following the disaster is of course absent and unknown.  It is the goal of this project to investigate the use of agent-based modeling combined with geospatial information to dramatically improve the effectiveness and safety of emergency response personnel.

Crowd Dynamics

This project aims at developing methods for rapidly analyzing video and sequential images of crowds of people to determine when a peaceful crowd may be becoming panicked and potentially dangerous. The ultimate goal is a system that could quickly analyze the movement of a crowd to predict whether it is about to become chaotic.
If the system proves successful, it should be useful in monitoring events in real-time for the purpose of disaster response, law enforcement, and peacekeeping, as well as for analyzing and simulating crowd movement offline for the purpose of better disaster preparedness and urban planning.

Hydrostatic Modeling of Deadly Gas Emissions from African Lakes

In 1986 Lake Nyos in the Northwest Province of Cameroon released a large cloud of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere killing 1,700 people and 3,500 livestock in nearby villages.  In addition there have been several smaller disasters from similar lakes in Africa. These lakes are some of the deepest in the world.

Lake Kivu ranks fifteenth with a maximum depth of 480 meters.  In the rift valley bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda, it is one of the African Great Lakes with a maximum length of 89 km and a maximum width of 48 km.   With an estimated dissolved carbon dioxide volume of 256 cubic kilometers and 65 cubic kilometers of methane, it too has the potential of exploding and killing most of the neighboring 2 million inhabitants. It is at these depths, under extreme pressure that the gasses lie dissolved and dormant.  However, with neighboring active volcanoes and the potential of landslides caused be runoff and extensive deforestation, a potential disaster could happen at any time with little or no warning.  

Our unique effort in hydrostatic modeling is directed towards identifying the magnitude of the natural perturbation that could trigger the catastrophic release of a deadly volume of gas.  Once quantification of the energy required to cause such a release of gas is known, then the commitment event, e.g. earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, can be identified followed by disaster monitoring and prediction.

Agent-Based Modeling of Organizational Silos and Impact on Innovation

Academic and many government institutions are generally organized into departments of highly specialized, like-disciplined individuals.  However, industries are often organized along functional lines.   One might then ask:
  • Why is this true and what are the strengths and weaknesses of each organizational structure? 
  • Is this structure self-organized or does it result because of administrative dictates and convenience?
  • Is this organizational structure the best to foster innovation, exploit discoveries, further knowledge, and improve general social welfare?
Although Agent-Based Modeling has been used to study the diffusion of innovation, we believe we have a unique method to model not only the creation of knowledge, but also its diffusion and growth.


Long, Michael


    Long, M.E.; Glade, A.; Bierre, K.J.; Moore, B.L., Crowd Anomaly Detection Using Standardized Modeled Input, International Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 1, 1, pp. 1-6 (2013)

    Wolcott, S.B.; Long, M.E., Agent Based Modeling in an Ecological Conservation Context, RIThink, 2, pp. 28-32 (2013)

    Long, M.E.; Hopkins, T.D.; Farnsworth, D.L., Application of Agent-Based Modeling in the Policy Assessment of Cost of Corporate Subsidies, International Journal of Scientific Knowledge, 2, 2, pp. 38-47 (2012)

    Long, M.E.; Morabito, P.N.; Brooks, B.P.; Schneider, J.L., Modeling Communication Network Effect on Emergency Evacuation Times: Public vs. Personal, International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management, 3, pp. 306-326 (2012)

    Morabito, P.N.; Long, M.E.; Brooks, B.P.; Schneider, J.L., Impact of personal communication networks on emergency evacuation times, Journal of Emergency Management, 9, 6, pp. 75-80 (2011)

    Long, M.E.; Farnsworth, D.L., Modeling the random component of manufacturing yield of integrated circuits, International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2, 6, pp. 402-405 (2010)

    Long, M.E.; Trotter, P.J., Vibrational manifold considerations for the metal indicator dye 2-(2-pyricylazo)-1-napthol, Applied Spectroscopy, 35, pp. 289- (1981)

    Long, M.E., Absorption and emission of substituted dimesitylboranes, Journal of Luminescence, 16, pp. 177- (1978)

    Long, M.E.; Swofford, R.L.; Albrecht, A.C.; Burberry, M.S., 'Free' O-H Overtone Absorption of Methanols in the Visible Region by Thermal Lensing Spectroscopy, Journal of Chemical Physics, 66, pp. 664-668 (1977)

    Long, M.E.; Swofford, R.L.; Albrecht, A.C., Thermal Lens Technique: A New Method of Absorption Spectroscopy, Science , 191, pp. 183-185 (1976)

    Swofford, R.L.; Long, M.E.; Albrecht, A.C., C-H Vibrational States of Benzene, Naphthalene, and Anthracene in the Visible Region by Thermal Lensing Spectroscopy and the Local Mode Model, Journal of Chemical Physics, 65, pp. 179-190 (1976)

    Kanamaru, N; Long, M.E.; Lim, E.C., Dual Phosphorescence from Rigid Glass Solutions of Phenyl Alkyl Ketones, Chemical Physics Letters, 26, pp. 1-9 (1974)

    Long, M.E.; Lim, E.C., Phosphorescence of 1-Indanone and Related Compounds, Chemical Physics Letters, 20, pp. 413-418 (1973)

    Long, M.E.; Li, Y.H.; Lim, E.C., Exciton Splitting in the Electron Spectra of Triphenylmethane, Chemical Physics Letters, 16, pp. 445-447 (1972)

    Long, M.E.; Li, Y.H.; Lim, E.C., On the ‘Dual’ Phosphorescence of Aromatic Carbonyl Compounds, Molecular Photochemistry, 2, pp. 341-344 (1971)

    Long, M.E.; Bergman, B; Lim, E.C., Acidity of Alpha-Protons in the Triplet State of 1-Indanone and Related Compounds, Molecular Photochemistry, 2, pp. 341-344 (1970)


    Long, M.E.; Tang, C, Method of making an emissive layer for an organic light emitting device, 6,641,859, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, August (2003)

    Long, M.E.; Leidig, C, Method of producing a color filter array, 6,114,075, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, September (2000)

    Long, M.E.; Fassler, W; Boroson, M, Method for reducing donor utilization for radiation-induced colorant transfer, 6,097,416, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, August (2000)

    Long, M.E.; Leidig, C, Flash device for dye transferring, 5,961,196, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, October (1999)

    DeBoer, C; Fleissig, J; Weber, H; Long, M.E., Method of making black matrix grid lines for color filter array, 5,683,836, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, November (1997)

    Long, M.E.; Boroson, M, Method of making a color filter array by colorant transfer and lamination, 5,686,383, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, November (1997)

    Long, M.E.; Weber, H; Armstrong, N; Boroson, M; Hollis, K, Method of making color filter array by thermal transfer, 5,614,465, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, March (1997)

    DeBoer, C; Long, M.E.; Fleissig, J; Hollis, K; Debesis, J, Color filter arrays by stencil printing, 5,576,265, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, November (1996)

    Long, M.E.; Brock, W, Electrodes for Resistive Ribbon Thermal Print Head, 5,317,343, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, May (1994)

    Long, M.E.; Longobardi, C; Weber, H, Method of making thermally-transferred color filter arrays with incorporated black matrix using electronic light flash, 5,229,232, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, July (1993)

    Long, M.E., Electrochemical resistive ink jet head, 5,221,934, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, June (1993)

    Long, M.E.; VanGalio, D, Solvent fusing of thermal printer dye image, 5,162,291, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, November (1992)

    Long, M.E.; VanGalio, D; Weber, H, Solvent fusing of thermal printer dye image, 5,143,754, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, September (1992)

    Long, M.E.; De Keyzer, K; et. al., Patterned receiver for color filter array, 5,079,214, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, January (1992)

    Long, M.E., Resistive ribbon with lubricant slipping layer, 4,988,667, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, January (1991)

    Long, M.E.; DeBoer, C, Ultrasonic pixel printer, 4,908,631, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, March (1990)

    Long, M.E., Ultrasonic dye image fusing, 4,879,564, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, November (1989)

    Long, M.E., Image or pattern transfer optical system for thermal dye transfer apparatus, 4,804,977, issued to Eastman Kodak Company, February (1989)

    Long, M.E.; Johnson, C, Pulsed constant current source for continuous tone resistive ribbon printers, 4,800,399, issued to E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, January (1989)