Roy Berns

Roy Berns's picture

Research Details

Research Interests
  • Spectral imaging, digital archiving, and reproduction,
  • Art Conservation Science,
  • Spectral-based Color Reproduction, and
  • Multi-ink Printing.
  • Research Category

    Cultural Artifacts and Document Imaging

    Personal Information

    Contact Information
    Telephone: (585) 475-2230
    Fax: (585) 475-4444
    Email: berns@cis.rit.edu 54 Lomb Memorial Drive
    Rochester, New York 14623-5604
    Title and Degrees
    Richard S. Hunter Professor
    Director, Munsell Color Science Laboratory

    Ph.D., Chemistry (Color Science Concentration), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
    Master of Science, Textile Science, University of California at Davis.
    Bachelor of Science, Textile Science (high honors), University of California at Davis.
    Personal Web Page
    http://art-si.org

    Scholarships/Awards

    • Rochester Institute of Technology - Trustees Scholarship Award (2011)
    • Inter-Society Color Council - Godlove Award (2009)

    Publications

    BOOKS

      Berns, R.S., Billmeyer and Saltzman's Principles of Color Technology, 3rd Edition Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York, United States (2000)


    REFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES

      Urban, P.; Berns, R.S., Paramer mismatch-based spectral gamut mapping, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 20, 6, pp. 1599-1610 (2011)

      Shen, S.; Berns, R.S., Color difference formula performance for several datasets of small color differences based on visual uncertainty, Color Research and Application, 36, 1, pp. 118-126 (2011)

      Berns, R.S., Designing white LED lighting for the display of art: A feasibility study, Color Research and Application, 36, 5, pp. 324-334 (2011)

      Urban, P.; Berns, R.S., Paramer mismatch-based spectral gamut mapping, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, in press (2010)

      Berns, R.S., Designing white LED lighting for the display of art: A feasibility study, Color Research and Application, in press (2010)

      Berns, R.S.; Hou, B., RIT-DuPong supra-threshold color-tolerance individual color-difference pair dataset, Color Research and Application, in press (2010)

      Shen, S.; Berns, R.S., Color difference formula performance for several datasets of small color differences based on visual uncertainty, Color Research and Application, in press (2010)

      Berns, R.S.; Shen, S., Modeling lightness dependencies in color-difference formulas, Proceedings of the 11th Congress of the International Colour Association (2009)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Spectral image reconstruction using an edge preserving spatio-spectral Wiener estimation, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 26, pp. 1868-1878 (2009)

      Shen, S.; Berns, R.S., Evaluating color difference equation performance incorporating visual uncertainty, Color Research and Application, 34, pp. 375-390 (2009)

      Tsutsumi, S.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Spectral color management using interim connections spaces based on spectral decomposition, Color Research and Application, DOI: 10.1002/col.20423 (2008)

      Zhao, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Coddington, J., An investigation of multispectral imaging for the mapping of pigments in paintings, SPIE, 6810, 681007-9 (2008)

      Berns, R.S.; Mohammadi, M., Evaluating single- and two-constant Kubelka-Munk turbid media theory for instrumental-based inpainting, The Journal of the International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 62, 4, pp. 299-314 (2007)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Accelerating Spectral-Based Color Separation within the Neugebauer Subspace, Journal of Electronic Imaging, 16, 4 (2007)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S.; Schleicher, D., Embedding non-Euclidean color spaces into Euclidean color spaces with minimal isometric disagreement, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 24, 6, pp. 1516-1528 (2007)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H., A multi-ink color-separation algorithm improving image quality, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 52, 2 (2007)

      Zhao, Y.; Berns, R.S., Image-based spectral reflectance reconstruction using the Matrix R method, Color Research and Application, 32, pp. 343-351 (2007)

      Li, Z.; Berns, R.S., Comparison of methods of parameric correction for evaluating metamerism, Color Research and Application, 32, pp. 293-303 (2007)

      Tsutsumi, S.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Spectral Gamut Mapping using LabPQR, Journal of Imaging Science and Technology, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 51, pp. 473-485 (2007)

      Berns, R.S., Let’s call it ‘color-gamut rendering’, Color Research and Application, 32 (2007)

      Berns, R.S.; Mohammadi, M., Single-Constant Simplification of Kubelka-Munk Turbid-Media Theory for Paint Systems – a review, Color Research and Application, 32, pp. 201-207 (2007)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H.; Day, E.A.; Day, D.C., A Comparison of Small-Aperture and Image-Based Spectrophotometry of Paintings, Studies in Conservation, 50, 4 (2006)

      Berns, R.S.; Nezamabadi, M., The effect of Image Size on the Color Apprearance of Image Reproduction Using Colorimetrically Calibrated LCD and DLP Displays, Journal of the Society of Information Display, 14, pp. 773-783 (2006)

      Tzeng, D.; Berns, R.S., A review of principal component analysis and its applications to color technology, Color Research and Application, 30, pp. 84-98 (2005)

      Berns, R.S., Color-Accurate Image Archives Using Spectral Imaging, Scientific Examination of Art: Modern Techniques in Conservation and Analysis, National Academies Press, pp. 105-119 (2005)

      Day, E.A.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H., A Psychophysical experiment evaluating the color and the spatial-image quality of several multi-spectral image capture techniques, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 48, pp. 99-110 (2004)

      Day, E.A.; Taplin, L.A.; Berns, R.S., Colorimetric characterization of a computer-controlled liquid crystal display, Color Research and Application, 29, pp. 365-373 (2004)

      Melgosa, M.; Huertas, R.; Berns, R.S., Relative significance of the terms in the CIEDE2000 and CIE94 color-difference formulas, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 21, pp. 2269-2275 (2004)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Six color printer characterization using an optimized cellular Yule-Nielsen spectral Neugebauer model, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 48, pp. 519-528 (2004)

      Berns, R.S.; de la Rie, R.E., Exploring the optical properties of picture varnishes using image techniques, Studies in Conservation, 48, pp. 73-82 (2003)

      Berns, R.S.; Fernandez, S.R.; Taplin, R., Estimating black level emissions of computer-controlled displays, Color Research and Application, 28, pp. 379-383 (2003)

      Quan, S.; Ohta, N.; Berns, R.S.; Katoh, N., Heirarchial approach to the optimal design of camera spectral sensitivities for colorimetric and spectral performance, SPIE 5008, pp. 159-170 (2003)

      Berns, R.S.; de la Rie, R.E., The effect of a varnish's refractive index on the appearance of oil paintings, Studies in Conservation, 48, pp. 251-262 (2003)

      Imai, F.H.; Wyble, D.R.; Berns, R.S.; Tzeng, D., A feasibility study of spectral color reproduction, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 47, pp. 543-553 (2003)

      Berns, R.S.; Kruger, J; Swicklik, M, Multiple pigment selection for inpainting using visible reflectance spectrophotometry, Studies in Conservation, 47, pp. 46-61 (2002)

      Berns, R.S., The Science of Digitizing Paintings for Color-Accurate Image Archives: A Review, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 45, pp. 305-325 (2001)

      Montag, E.D.; Berns, R.S., Lightness Dependencies and the Effect of Texture on Suprathreshold Lightness Tolerance, Color Research and Application, 25, pp. 241-249 (2000)

      Wyble, D.R.; Berns, R.S., A Critical Review of Spectral Models Applied to Binary Color Printing, Color Research and Application, 25, pp. 4-19 (2000)

      Imai, F.H.; Berns, R.S.; Tzeng, D., A Comparative Analysis of Spectral Reflectance Estimated in Various Spaces Using a Trichromatic Camera System, Journal of Imaging Science & Technology, 44, pp. 280-287 (2000)

      Montag, E.D.; Berns, R.S., Visual Determination of Hue Suprathreshold Color-Difference Tolerances Using CRT-Generated Stimuli, Color Research and Application, 24, pp. 164-176 (1999)

      Montag, E.D.; Berns, R.S., Visual Determination of Hue Suprathreshold Color-Difference Tolerances Using CRT-Generated Stimuli, Color Research and Application, 23, pp. 302-313 (1998)

      Tanaka, T.; Berns, R.S.; Fairchild, M.D., Predicting the image quality of color overhead transparencies using a color-appearance model, Journal of Electronic Imaging, 6, pp. 154-165 (1997)

      Fairchild, M.D.; Lester, A.A.; Berns, R.S., Accurate color reproduction of CRT-displayed images as projected 35mm slides, Journal of Electronic Imaging, 5, pp. 87-96 (1996)

      Fairchild, M.D.; Berns, R.S., Image color appearance specification through extension of CIELAB, Color Research and Application, 18, pp. 178-190 (1993)

      Stokes, M.D.; Fairchild, M.D.; Berns, R.S., Precision requirements for digital color reproduction, ACM Transactions on Graphics, 11, pp. 406-422 (1992)

      Berns, R.S.; Alman, D.H.; Reniff, L.; Snyder, G.D.; Rosen, M.R., Visual Determination of Suprathreshold Color-Difference Tolerances Using Probit Analysis, Color Research and Applications, 16, 5, pp. 297-316 (1991)

      Fairchild, M.D.; Daoust, D.J.; Peterson, J.; Berns, R.S., Absolute reflectance factor calibration for goniospectrophotometry, Color Research and Application, 15, pp. 311-320 (1990)

      Berns, R.S.; Fairchild, M.D.; Beering, M.M., Quantification of illuminant metamerism for four coloration systems via metameric mismatch gamuts, Color Research and Application, 13, 6, pp. 346-357 (1988)

      Fairchild, M.D.; Berns, R.S., Implementation of recommended ocular exposure thresholds for the evaluation of xenon flashes, Journal of Imaging Technology, 13, pp. 8-14 (1987)


    REFEREED CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

      Abed, F.M.; Berns, R.S., Using ICC profiles for spectral estimation and lighting evaluation, November (2011)

      Berns, R.S.; Abed, F.M., Photoshop as a tool for museum lighting design using apriori colorant optical data, June (2011)

      Darling, B.A.; Ferwerda, J.A.; Chen, T.; Berns, R.S., Real-time multi-spectral rendering with complex illumination., Proceedings IS&T/SID 19th Color Imaging Conference., pp. 345-351 (2011)

      Berns, R.S.; Haddock, M.I., A Color Target for Lighting and Camera Evaluation, (2011)

      Berns, R.S., Color technology – Current practices and future endeavors, 11th Congress of the International Colour Association (AIC 2009), AIC, Sydney, Australia, Australia (2009)


    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

      Abed, F.M.; Berns, R.S.; Masaoka, K., Improvement of Camera Characterization Process for Different Capturing Geometries Using Saunderson Surface Correction, IS&T, 20th Color Imaging Conference, Los Angeles, California, United States, pp. 63-69, November (2012)

      Derhak, M.W.; Berns, R.S., Analysis and Correction of the Joensuu Munsell Glossy Spectral Database, IS&T, 20th Color Imaging Conference, Los Angeles, California, United States, pp. 191-194, November (2012)

      Masaoka, K.; Berns, R.S.; Fairchild, M.D.; Abed, F.M., The Number of Discernible Object Colors is Unknown, IS&T, 20th Color Imaging Conference, Los Angeles, California, United States, pp. 287-292, November (2012)

      Berns, R.S.; Chen, T., Updated Practical Total Appearance Imaging of Paintings, IS&T, Archiving Conference, Copenhagen, , Denmark, June (2012)

      Berns, R.S.; Smith, S., Analysis of Color Management Default Camera Profiles for Museum Imaging Applications, IS&T, Archiving Conference, Copenhagen, , Denmark, June (2012)

      Berns, R.S.; Chen, T., Practical Total Appearance Imaging of Paintings, IS&T, Archiving Conference, Copenhagen, , Denmark, pp. 162-167, June (2012)

      Berns, R.S.; Shen, S., Modeling lightness dependencies in color-difference formulas, 11th Congress of the International Colour Association (AIC 2009), AIC, AIC 2009, Sydney, UNK, Australia (2010)

      Berns, R.S.; Haddock, M.I., A Color target for museum applications, 18th Color Imaging Conference, IS&T/SID, 18th Color Imaging Conference, San Antonio, Texas, United States, pp. 27-32 (2010)

      Heckaman, R.L.; Berns, R.S., GO Colorants, IST 2010, IS&T/SID, 18th Color Imaging Conference, San Antonio, Texas, United States, pp. 260-265 (2010)

      Derhak, M.W.; Berns, R.S., Comparing LabPQR and the spectral gamut mapping framework, IS&T/SID, 18th Color Imaging Conference, San Antonio, Texas, United States, pp. 206-212 (2010)

      Chen, P.; Fairchild, M.D.; Berns, R.S., Scaling lightness perception and differences above and below diffuse white, IS&T/SID, 18th Color Imaging Conference, San Antonio, Texas, United States, pp. 42-48 (2010)

      Ashbaugh, J.C.; Berns, R.S.; Darling, B.A.; Taplin, L.A., Artist material BRDF database for computer graphics rendering, Proc. IS&T/SID Seventeenth Color Imaging Conference, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, pp. 62-68 (2009)

      Takase, K.; Berns, R.S., Estimating the surface normal of artworks using a DLP projector, Surface Metrology, 2nd International Conference, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States (2009)

      Berns, R.S.; Zhao, Y.; Taplin, L.A.; Coddington, J.; McGlinchey, C.; Martins, A., The Use of Spectral Imaging as an Analytical Tool for Art Conservation, American Institute of Conservation, Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, California, United States (2009)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., A Spatially Adaptive Wiener Filter for Reflectance Estimation, IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference, Portland, Oregon (2008)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Spectral Gamut Mapping Framework Based on Human Color Vision, CGIV (Fourth European Conference on Color in Graphics, Imaging and Vision), Barcelona, Spain, pp. 548-553 (2008)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Urban, P.; Zhao, Y., Spectral Color Reproduction of Paintings, GIV (Fourth European Conference on Color in Graphics, Imaging and Vision), Barcelona, Spain, pp. 484-488 (2008)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Model Evaluation for Computer Graphics Renderings of Artist Paint Surfaces, Proc. of Fifthteenth Color Imaging Conference: Color Science and Engineering, Systems, Technologies and Applications, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, VA, United States, pp. 54-59, November (2007)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Fast Spectral-Based Separation of Multispectral Images, IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference (CIC), Albuquerque, New Mexico, pp. 178-183 (2007)

      Urban, P.; Berns, R.S.; Grigat, R., Color Correction by Considering the Distribution of Metamers within the Mismatch Gamut, IS&T/SID, IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference (CIC), Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, pp. 222-227 (2007)

      Urban, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Constructing Euclidean Color Spaces Based on Color Difference Formulas, S&T/SID Color Imaging Conference (CIC), Albuquerque, New Mexico (2007)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Nezamabadi, M.; Mohammadi, M.; Zhao, Y., Spectral imaging using a commercial color-filter array digital camera, ICOM, 14th Triennal ICOM-CC meeting, The Hague, , Netherlands, pp. 743-750, September (2005)

      Smoyer, E.P.; Taplin, L.A.; Berns, R.S., Experimental Evaluation of Museum Case Study Digital Camera Systems, Proceedings of the IS&T, IS&T, IS&T's 2005 Archiving Conference, Washington, District of Columbia, United States, pp. 85-89 (2005)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Nezamabadi, M.; Zhao, Y.; Okumura, Y., High-Accuracy Digital Imaging of Cultural Heritage without Visual Editing, IS&T, IS&T's 2005 Archiving Conference, , Washington, DC, United States, pp. 91-95 (2005)

      Zhao, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Okumura, Y.; Taplin, L.A., Improvement of Spectral Imaging by Pigment Mapping, IS&T/SID, Thirteenth Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, pp. 40-45 (2005)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Improving the Color Constancy of Prints by Ink Design, Thirteenth Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, Arizona, pp. 159-160 (2005)

      Berns, R.S.; Byrns, S.; Casadio, F.; Fledler, I.; Gallagher, C.; Imai, F.H.; Newman, A.; Rosen, M.R.; Taplin, L.A., Rejuvenating the appearance of Seurat's A Sunday on La Grande Jatte - 1884 using colour and imaging science techniques - a simulation, Proc. of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, International Colour Association, AIC Colour 05, Granada, Andalucia, Spain, pp. 1669-1672 (2005)

      Taplin, L.A.; Berns, R.S., Practical spectral capture systems for museum imaging, Proc. of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, International Colour Association, 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, , Granada, Spain, pp. 1287-1290 (2005)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Exploring the color inconstancy of prints, Proc. of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, Granada, Spain, pp. 657-660 (2005)

      Zhao, Y.; Taplin, L.A.; Nezamabadi, M.; Berns, R.S., Using the Matrix R Method for Spectral Image Archives, Proc. of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, International Colour Association, 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, , Granada, Spain, pp. 469-472 (2005)

      Mohammadi, M.; Nezamabadi, M.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., A Prototype Calibration Target for Spectral Imaging, International Colour Association, 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, , Granada, Spain, pp. 387-390 (2005)

      Mohammadi, M.; Berns, R.S., Diagnosing and Correcting Systematic Errors in Spectral-Based Digital Imaging, IS&T/SID, 13th Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 25-30 (2005)

      Rosen, M.R.; Zhao, Y.; Rao, P; O'Sullivan, D.; Berns, R.S., Computer display as camera profiling target: when 'good enough' is good enough., 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, Granada, Spain, Spain, pp. 1219-1222 (2005)

      Nezamabadi, M.; Berns, R.S., The Effect of Image Size on the Color Appearance of Image Reproductions, Proceedings of Thirteenth Color Imaging Conference, IS&T, 13th Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 79-84 (2005)

      Berns, R.S., Rejuvenating the appearance of cultural heritage using color and imaging science techniques, Proc. of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, 10th Congress of the International Colour Association, AIC Colour 05, Granada, Andalucia, Spain, pp. 369-375 (2005)

      Mohammadi, M.; Nezamabadi, M.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Spectral Imaging Target Development Based on Hiearchical Cluster Analysis, Proceedings IS&T/SID, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Multi-spectral / Multi-primary Systems, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, pp. 59-64, November (2004)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Extending Printing Color Gamut by Optimizing the Spectral Reflectance of Inks, Proceedings IS&T/SID, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Design of Colorants, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, pp. 163-169, November (2004)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H.; Day, E.A.; Day, D.C., Spectral Imaging of Matisse's Pot of Geraniums: A Case Study, Proceedings IS&T/SID, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Spotlight Presentations II , Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, pp. 149-153, November (2003)

      Day, E.A.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H., A Psychophysical Experiment Evaluating the Color Accuracy of Several Multispectral Image Capture Techniques, Proceedings of the IS&T, PICS 2003, International Technical Conference on The Science and Systems of Digital Photography, Rochester, New York, United States, May (2003)

      Day, E.A.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H., A Psychophysical Experiment Evaluating the Color Accuracy of Several Multispectral Image Capture Techniques, Proc. of IS&T PICS Conference, IS&T, PICS, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 199-204 (2003)

      Chen, Y.; Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H., A Multi-Ink Color-Separation Algorithm Maximizing Color Constancy, 11th Color Imaging Conference, IS&T, Color Imaging Conference, 11th Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 277-281 (2003)

      Berns, R.S.; Imai, F.H., The use of multi-channel visible spectrum imaging for pigment identification, Proc. of the 13 Triennial ICOM-CC meeting, ICOM, 13th Triennal ICOM-CC meeting, Rio de Janeiro, , Brazil, pp. 217-222 (2002)

      Imai, F.H.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Comparative study of metrics for spectral match quality, Proc. of the First European Conference on Color in Graphics CGIV, IS&T, CGIV (First European Conference on Color in Graphics, Imaging and Vision), Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 492-496 (2002)

      Taplin, L.A.; Berns, R.S., Spectral Color Reproduction Based on Six-Color Inkjet Output System, Proceedings of the IS&T, IS&T, Color Imaging Conference, Interactive Session, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, pp. 209-213, November (2001)

      Imai, F.H.; Berns, R.S., Spectral estimation of artist oil paints using multi-filter trichromatic imaging, Proc. of the 9th Congress of the International Colour Association, International Colour Association, 9th Congress of the International Colour Association, Rochester, NY, United States, pp. 504-507, May (2001)

      Imai, F.H.; Rosen, M.R.; Wyble, D.R.; Berns, R.S.; Tzeng, D., Spectral reproduction from scene to hardcopy I: Input and Output, Proceedings of the SPIE, SPIE Electronic Imaging, Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications II, Posters, 4306, San Jose, California, United States, pp. 346-357, January (2001)

      Rosen, M.R.; Taplin, L.A.; Imai, F.H.; Berns, R.S.; Ohta, N., Answering Hunt's web shopping challenge: spectral color management for a virtual swatch, Proceedings of the IS&T, IS&T, Color Imaging Conference, Interactive Session , Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, pp. 267-273 (2001)

      Imai, F.H.; Quan, S.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Digital camera filter design for colorimetric and spectral accuracy, Proc. of Third International Conference on Multispectral Color Science, IS&T, Third International Conference on Multispectral Color Science, , University of Joensuu, Finland, pp. 13-16 (2001)

      Imai, F.H.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Multi-spectral imaging of a van Gogh’s self-portrait at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C, Proc. of IS&T Pics Conference, IS&T, PICS 2001: Image Processing, Image Quality, Image Capture Systems Conference, Rochester, NY, United States, pp. 185-189 (2001)

      Imai, F.H.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Comparison of spectrally narrow-band capture versus wide-band with a priori sample analysis for spectral reflectance estimation, Proc. of Eighth Color Imaging Conference: Color Science and Engineering, Systems, Technologies and Applications, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, United States, pp. 234-241, November (2000)

      Krasnoselsky, A.L.; Montag, E.D.; Berns, R.S., Effects of texture on color difference evaluation of surface color., ISCC, ISCC 69th Annual Meeting, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States (2000)

      Tzeng, D.; Berns, R.S., Spectral-based six-color separation minimizing metamerism, Proc. of Eighth Color Imaging Conference: Color Science and Engineering, Systems, Technologies and Applications, IS&T, Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 342-347 (2000)

      Burns, P.D.; Berns, R.S., Quantization in multispectral color image acquisition, Proc. of Seventh Color Imaging Conference: Color Science and Engineering, Systems, Technologies and Applications, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, United States (1999)

      Tzeng, D.; Berns, R.S., Spectral-based ink selection for multiple-ink printing II. Optimal ink selection, Proc. of Seventh Color Imaging Conference: Color Science and Engineering, Systems, Technologies and Applications, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 182-187 (1999)

      Imai, F.H.; Berns, R.S., High-resolution multi-spectral image archives: a hybrid approach, Proc. of the IS&T/SID Sixth Color Imaging Conference: Color Science, Systems, and applications, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, United States, pp. 224-227, November (1998)

      Montag, E.D.; Berns, R.S., The Use of CRT-Generated stimuli for the visual determination of hue-suprathreshold color-difference tolerances., Joint ISCC/OSA Symposium on Color Discrimination and Color Difference, OSA Annual Meeting, 78, Baltimore, Maryland, United States (1998)

      Tzeng, D.; Berns, R.S., pectral-based ink selection for multiple-ink printing I. Colorant estimation of original objects, Sixth Color Imaging Conference, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Springfield, Virginia, United States, pp. 106-111 (1998)

      Burns, P.D.; Berns, R.S., Analysis of multispectral image capture, Proc. of the IS&T/SID Fourth Color Imaging Conference: Color Science, Systems, and Applications, IS&T/SID, Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, United States, pp. 19-22, November (1996)


    TECHNICAL REPORTS

      Chen, T.; Berns, R.S., Measuring the Total Appearance of Paintings Using a Linear Source, Studio Strobes, and a Dual-RGB Camera, prepared for Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, October (2012)

      Berns, R.S.; Chen, T.; Chen, L., Evaluating the Quality of Surface Normal Maps of Paintings Using a Scanning Linear Source or Four-Strobe Photometric Stereo, prepared for Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, October (2012)

      Chen, L.; Berns, R.S., Visual Validation of Measuring the Total Appearance of Paintings Using Computer Graphics Techniques, prepared for Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, October (2012)

      Berns, R.S., Artist Material Database, prepared for Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, April (2012)

      Berns, R.S., Imaging Goniospectrometer, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States (2012)

      Chen, T.; Taplin, L.A.; Berns, R.S., Artist Material Database BRDF Fitting, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, March (2011)

      Wyble, D.R.; Berns, R.S., Validating the Accuracy of the MCSL Imaging Goniospectrometer, prepared for The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, January (2010)

      Berns, R.S., Improving Artwork Reproduction Through 3D-Spectral Capture and Computer Graphics Rendering Phase 1: Final Report, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, December (2009)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Practical Spectral Imaging Using a Color-Filter Array Digital Camera, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, July (2006)

      Zhao, Y.; Berns, R.S., Further Investigations of Colorant Database Development for Two-Constant Kubelka-Munk Theory for Artist Acrylic and Oil Paints, prepared for Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, June (2006)

      Berns, R.S., Improving Artwork Reproduction Through 3D-Spectral Capture and Computer Graphics Rendering: Project Overview, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States (2006)

      Mohammadi, M.; Berns, R.S., Testing Instrumental-Based Color matching for Artist Acrylic Paints, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, NY, United States (2006)

      Berns, R.S.; Frey, F.S., Direct Digital Capture of Cultural Heritage—Benchmarking American Museum Practices and Defining Future Needs, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, August (2005)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A., Evaluation of a Modified Sinar 54M Digital Camera at the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC during April, 2005, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, July (2005)

      Rao, P.; Rosen, M.R.; Berns, R.S., Performance Evaluation of Profile Maker Professional 5.0 ICC Profiling Software, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Imaging Arts and Sciences, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, January (2005)

      Zhao, Y.; Taplin, L.A.; Nezamabadi, M.; Berns, R.S., Methods of Spectral Reflectance Reconstruction for A Sinarback 54 Digital Camera, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, December (2004)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Nezamabadi, M.; Zhao, Y., Modifications of a Sinarback 54 Digital Camera for Spectral and High-Accuracy Colorimetric Imaging: Simulations and Experiments, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, June (2004)

      Mohammadi, M.; Nezamabadi, M.; Taplin, L.A.; Berns, R.S., Pigment Selection Using Kubelka Munk Turbid Media Theory and Non-Negative Least Square Technique, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, June (2004)

      Imai, F.H.; Taplin, L.A.; Day, D.C.; Day, E.A.; Berns, R.S., Imaging at the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, December (2002)

      Berns, R.S., Phase I Final Report to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, Rochester Institute of Technology, College of Science, Center for Imaging Science, Munsell Color Science Laboratory, Rochester, New York, United States, October (2002)


    BOOK CHAPTERS

      Berns, R.S., Image Simulation of the Blue Background in Pacino di Bonaguida's Chiarito Tabernacle Using Color and Imaging Sciences, Florence At the Dawn of the Renaissance Painting and Illumination 1300-1350, Christine Sciacca, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California, United States (2012)

      Berns, R.S., Rejuvenating Seurat’s palette using color and imaging science: A simulation, Seurat and the Making of La Grande Jatte, R.L. Herbert, Art Institute of Chicago and University of California Press, 214-227, Chicago, Illinois, United States (2004)


    PATENTS

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Arai, Y.; Katsuyama, K.; Ito, T., Production of color conversion profile for printing, US PATENT 7,706,604, issued to Seiko Epson Corporation, April (2010)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Arai, Y.; Katsuyama, K.; Ito, T., Production of color conversion profile for printing, US PATENT 7,652,789, issued to Seiko Epson Corporation, January (2010)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Arai, Y.; Osawa, M., Production of a color conversion profile utilizing comparison of spectral reflectance data and comparative colors, US PATENT 7,605,943, issued to Seiko Epson Corporation, October (2009)

      Imai, F.H.; Berns, R.S., System and Method for Scene Image Acquisition and Spectral Estimation Using a Wide-Band Multi-Channel Image Capture, 7,554,586 (2009)

      Berns, R.S.; Taplin, L.A.; Liang, T.Z., Spectral color reproduction with six color output, US Patent 6,698,860, issued to E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, March (2004)


    CONFERENCE PRESENTATION (NO PROCEEDINGS)

      Berns, R.S.; Chen, T.; Coddington, J., Three Light Total Appearance Imaging of Paintings, National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, 3D Digital Documentation Summit, San Francisco, California, United States, July (2012)

      Berns, R.S.; Coddington, J., Color and Spectral Archiving Using Dual-RGB Imaging, National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, 3D Digital Documentation Summit, San Francisco, California, United States, July (2012)

      Henderson, R.R.; Berns, R.S., Design of Light Emitting Diode Clusters for Optimal Museum Lighting, IEEE, 13th International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Lighting (LS13), Rensselaer, New York, United States, June (2012)

      Berns, R.S., Beyond the valley of the RGB: spectral imaging, Museum Computer Network, Museum Computer Network, Atlanta, Georgia, United States, November (2011)

      Berns, R.S., Plenary paper: Three-Dimensional Multi-Spectral Imaging of Artwork, , Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, Taipei, , Taiwan, March (2011)

      Berns, R.S., Panel discussion Workshop on Digitalization Workflow Guidelines, Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan, March (2011)

      Berns, R.S., Turning back the ravages of time: Color reconstructions of Seurat and van Gogh paintings and drawings using color and imaging sciences , Museum Computer Network, Museum Computer Network, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan, March (2011)

      Berns, R.S., Image Capture Minimizing Visual Editing – An Update From The 2005 American Benchmarking Project, Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan, March (2011)

      Berns, R.S., The RIT Munsell Color Science Laboratory: An International Resource for Color and Imaging Science Research, Education, and Outreach , Color Associate of Taiwan and CIE-Taiwan, Color Associate of Taiwan and CIE-Taiwan, Taipei, Taiwan, Taiwan, March (2011)