Rich Hailstone

Richard Hailstone

Associate Professor


Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science
Rochester Institute of Technology
54 Lomb Memorial Dr
Rochester , NY 14623
Phone: 585-475-6306
Fax: 585-475-5988

Research Interests

Imaging materials

Research Activities

My research involves both imaging at the nanometer level and building prototype nanomaterials-based imaging devices. We have a suite of microscopes in the NanoImaging Lab that are used to image at the nanolevel, including a transmission electron microscope, a scanning electron microscope with full X-ray microanalysis capabilities, and a scanning probe microscope capable of atomic level imaging on material surfaces. In addition, we have a variety of support equipment for sample preparation. We also have facilities for fabricating imaging devices and evaluating their electro-optical characteristics. Currently, we are building image displays in which the emitting materials are quantum dots. The emission from these materials can be tuned by adjusting their size so as to achieve a full-color display.


MS, Chemistry, 1972, Indiana University
BS, Chemistry, 1970, Northern Illinois University


1972-1981 Scientist, Photographic Research Laboratories, Eastman Kodak Co.
Design and build a sensitometer to help elucidate the mechanism of spectral sensitization. Mechanistic studies of silver bromide crystals for instant photography applications. Development and application of an electron microscopical technique for determining the rate of silver development in AgBr grains.
1981-1982 Scientist, Harrow Research Laboratories, Kodak Ltd., London, England
Conduct studies of the mechanism of latent-image formation in tabular photographic microcrystals. Develop technique for evaluating the efficiency of latent-image formation.
1982-1990 Senior Scientist, Photographic Research Laboratories, Eastman Kodak Co.
Evaluate the efficiency of photon usage by potentially commercial photographic emulsions having tabular microcrystals. Experimentally test the predictions of a computer model for latent-image formation. Enhance the power and the level of sophistication of a computer simulation program for understanding latent-image formation by use of parallel processing techniques. During an 18-year career, over 50 internal technical reports were issued
1990-2001 Associate Professor, Center for Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology
Perform teaching and research in the area of imaging science, especially silver halide imaging Develop new methods for understanding the fundamentals of image recording in silver halide materials. Increase the application of computer simulation to problems in silver halide imaging. Supervise staff scientists, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students doing research in silver halide materials.
2002- Associate Professor, Center for Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology
Perform teaching and research in the area of imaging science, especially at the graduate level. Carry out research in imaging materials, particularly the use of nanomaterials in prototype imaging devices. Develop techniques for imaging nanomaterials in order to support a wide variety of research programs at RIT and beyond.


Courses Taught

SIMG 711 - Basic Principles of Imaging Science I (4 credits) This course provides the student with a basic understanding of the scientific principles associated with electromagnetic radiation propagation, image capture and formation, and display of images. An end-to-end treatment of an imaging system shall be employed to illustrate the interrelationship among the concepts introduced throughout the course. System analyses include the use of modeling concepts and image quality metrics to demonstrate how the concepts developed in Linear Image Mathematics can be used in concert with concepts in this course to describe and assess a simple imaging system. (graduate level) (Both in-class and distance-learning versions)

SIMG 713 - Noise and Random Processes (4 credits) The purpose of this course is to develop an understanding and ability in modeling noise and random processes within the context of imaging systems. The initial part of the course is an introduction/review of basic probability theory needed for the middle part of the course, which introduces random processes. The final part of the course will demonstrate the application of the textbook material to the understanding of signal and noise in imaging systems. At the completion of the course, the student should have the ability to model signal and noise transfer within a multistage imaging system. (graduate level) (Both in-class and distance-learning versions)

SIMG 721,723 -  Imaging Laboratory I, III (1 credit each) Part of a three-quarter laboratory sequence that provides hands on experience with imaging materials and devices, digital imaging techniques, electro-optical devices, and other imaging modalities. It is intended to reinforce course work and provide the student exposure to, and facility with, a broad variety of instrumentation and analytical  methods. In addition, statistical methods of data analysis will be introduced and utilized. (graduate level)

SIMG 771, 772 - Silver Halide Science I, II (4 credits each) A comprehensive study of the science of imaging with silver halide materials. Includes the chemistry and physics of the silver halides, emulsion precipitation, mechanisms of latent image formation, reciprocity failure, quantum sensitivity, chemical sensitization, spectral sensitization, dopants, development. This course will focus on correlations between events at the atomic and molecular level and their manifestation at the macroscopic level. (graduate level)

SIMG 773 - Silver Halide Systems (4 credits) A comprehensive study of the application of silver halides in imaging systems. The emphasis is on how the materials properties of silver halides influence the properties of the imaging system such as sensitivity, reciprocity failure, curve shape, color and tone reproduction, granularity, sharpness, resolution, and processability. (graduate level)

SIMG 731, 732 - Principles of Chemical Imaging I, II (4 credits each) This course provides the student with a basic understanding of the principles of chemical imaging. The physical and chemical principles required for studying chemical imaging are reviewed. The phenomenon and mechanism of reciprocity failure are illustrated. Emphasis is on relating the underlying principles of physics and chemistry to the metrics of system performance. Technologies to be covered include ink jet and thermal printing, electrophotography, silver halide (including dry silver), and polymer. Spatial properties of chemical images are related to their underlying physics and chemistry. (graduate level)

SIMG 313 - Interaction Between Light and Matter (4 credits) This course emphasizes the interaction of electromagnetic energy with various states of matter. This includes creation, propagation, and destruction of electromagnetic energy. Topics covered include: the electromagnetic spectrum; reflection, absorption, and transmission of energy; vibrations and simple excitations; molecular orbitals; band theory; and optical interactions. (undergraduate level)

SIMG 551 - Introduction to Silver Halide Science (3 credits) A one quarter course covering the chemistry and physics of the silver halides, emulsion precipitation, latent-image formation, chemical sensitization, spectral sensitization, and development. (undergraduate level)

SIMG 552 - Introduction to Chemical Imaging (3 credits) A one quarter course giving an introduction to several areas of chemical imaging. Topics covered include silver halide, dry silver, electrophotography, photopolymers, thermal printing, ink jet printing, and liquid crystal displays. Emphasis is on the atomic and molecular mechanisms. (undergraduate level)

MSE 800 - Imaging Materials (4 credits) This course is an introduction to materials used in imaging. Also included is a review of the basics of atomic and molecular structure and interaction between light and matter. Imaging technologies covered include ink jet and thermal printing, electrophotography, silver halide and digital imaging, and materials for microlithography. (graduate level)