The Basics of MRI

Chapter 15

Clinical Images



Previous chapters in The Basics of MRI have focussed primarily on MRI physics. This chapter deviates from this trend by providing examples of the capabilities of MRI. A series of clinical magnetic resonance images are presented that give the reader an idea of what is visible in routine clinical magnetic resonance images. It is not the intent of this chapter to teach human anatomy, however, the images do provide good anatomical detail. The reader interested in names and descriptions of the imaged anatomy is directed to a cross sectional human anatomy text.

All images presented in this chapter were taken from actual exams recorded on a 1.5 Tesla, GE (Milwaukee, WI) Signa magnetic resonance imager. Specific acquisition parameters are listed with each image, when available.

Angiography

  1. F-6y, Coronal chest and neck, 24 cm FOV, 79.8 mm Thk, GE(30o), TR/TE = 6.4/1.4 ms, 1 Nex, 256x160 matrix
  2. Coronal head, 20 cm FOV, 60 mm Thk, GE(20o), TR/TE = 30/7.59 ms, 16 Nex, 256x128 matrix
  3. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 256x224 matrix
  4. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 45.6 mm Thk, GE(20o), TR/TE = 33.33/3 ms, 1 Nex, 256x224 matrix
  5. Coronal head, 20 cm FOV, 70 mm Thk, GE(20o), TR/TE = 30/7.5 ms, 256x128 matrix
  6. Coronal head and neck, 20 cm FOV, 60 mm Thk, GE(20o), TR/TE = 30/8.16 ms, 256x128 matrix
  7. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 84 mm Thk, GE(20o), TR/TE = 33.33/3 ms, 1 Nex, 256x224 matrix

Head & Neck

  1. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE,
    TR/TE = 5500/105 ms, 2 Nex, 512x256 matrix
    TR/TE= 450/14 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  2. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE,
    TR/TE = 5500/105 ms, 2 Nex, 512x256 matrix
    TR/TE= 450/14 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  3. Axial head with pathology, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE,
    TR/TE = 5500/105 ms, 2 Nex, 512x256 matrix
    TR/TE= 450/14 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  4. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, 256x192 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 2300/15 ms, 2 Nex
  5. Coronal head with pathology, 22 cm FOV, 2.5 mm Thk, GE(30o), TR/TE = 11/2 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  6. Sagittal head and neck, 26 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE, TR/TE = 600/14 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  7. Coronal head, 22 cm FOV, 2.5 mm Thk, GE(30o), TR/TE = 16.8/2.9 ms, 2 Nex, 512x192 matrix
  8. Coronal head and neck, 20 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE, TR/TE = 600/20 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  9. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE, TR/TE = 2300/15 ms, 2 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  10. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE, TR/TE = 4300/105 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  11. Axial head, 22 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, SE TR/TE = 450/14 ms, 1 Nex, 256x192 matrix
  12. Sagittal neck, 20 cm FOV, 2 Nex, 512x256 matrix, SE TR/TE = 2000/18
    TR/TE = 4000/108

Spine

  1. Sagittal neck, 34 cm FOV, 2 Nex, 512x256 matrix, SE TR/TE = 600/15
    TR/TE = 5000/96
  2. Sagittal lumbar spine, 34 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, 512x256 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 2000/13 ms, 2 Nex
  3. Sagittal spine, 48 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, 256x128 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 250/8 ms, 1 Nex
  4. Sagittal spine, 34 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, 512x192 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 600/8 ms, 2 Nex
  5. Sagittal spine, 32 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, 512x256 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 600/14 ms, 2 Nex
  6. Sagittal spine, 48 cm FOV, 4 mm Thk, 256x128 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 400/14 ms, 0.75 Nex
  7. Sagittal lumbar spine, 34 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, 512x256 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 4000/98 ms, 2 Nex
  8. Sagittal lumbar spine, 32 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, 256x256 matrix, 2 Nex, SE
    TR/TE = 600/15
    TR/TE = 4000/96
    TR/TE = 2000/16

Extremities

  1. Axial knee, 18 cm FOV, 5 mm Thk, 256x128 matrix, SE, TR/TE = 300/14 ms, 0.75 Nex
  2. Sagittal knee, 11 cm FOV, 2.8 mm Thk, SE, 256x192 matrix, TR/TE = 2300/13 ms, 1 Nex
  3. Sagittal knee, 12 cm FOV, 1.5 mm Thk, GE(30o), 256x256 matrix, TR/TE = 37/17 ms, 1 Nex
  4. Coronal knee, 20 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, SE, 256x256 matrix, TR/TE = 800/25 ms, 2 Nex
  5. Coronal shoulder, 11 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, SE, 256x192 matrix, TR/TE = 2000/14 ms, 1 Nex
  6. Coronal shoulder, 20 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, SE, 256x256 matrix, TR/TE = 600/20 ms, 2 Nex
  7. Coronal distal humerus, 24 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, SE, 256x192 matrix, TR/TE = 600/14 ms, 1 Nex
  8. Coronal wrist, 7 cm FOV, 1.5 mm Thk, SE, 256x256 matrix, TR/TE = 2000/27 ms, 1 Nex
  9. Coronal hand, 10 cm FOV, 3 mm Thk, SE, 256x256 matrix, TR/TE = 2000/20 ms, 1 Nex

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